The following is a chronological history listing the occasions when the myth of the “Protocols” was revived during the last thirty years by anti-Semites.
1905: In Russia, under the title, “The Great in the Little”. This was the year of the Russo-Japanese War and the Russian Revolution, as a result of which the government felt the need of making a scapegoat of the Jews.
1917: The circulation of the “Protocols” was stimulated to explain the collapse of Czarist Russia.
1919: In Russia it was utilized as a pogrom pamphlet in the counterrevolutionary activities of General Denikin.
1919: Its circulation in Germany was promoted by refugee Russian Monarchists, through their newly founded weekly paper, “The Sunbeam.”
1919: It was printed in England, under the title of “The Jewish Peril: Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion” at a time of industrial distress.
1920: In the United States, an edition entitled, “The Protocols and World Revolution,” containing the “Protocols of the Meetings of the Zionist Men of Wisdom”, was published in Boston, during the depression following the World War boom.
1920: The Dearborn Independent began publication of articles based on the “Protocols.” (Series repudiated by Henry Ford, owner of the publication, in 1927.)
1921: An Arabic translation appeared in Damascus, during Arab-Jewish disturbances. Branded as forgery after an expose by the London Times.
1927 and after: Special English editions were printed for European residents in China and Japan; Greek (modern) translations appeared in Salonica; and translations for Bulgaria, Lithuania, Hungary, Spain, Egypt, and South American countries.
1933: On Hitler’s accession to power, the “Protocols” became the backbone of the entire anti-Semitic movement in Germany, under direction of Alfred Rosenberg.