One of the changes in a rapidly-changing country is the making over of the 25,000 Jews of the Soviet Republic of Uzbek from a people of small traders and artisans to one with a good proportion of farmers. Thirteen per cent of them are now settled on land and their farms are the most progressive in the republic.
The Uzbek Jews have their own dialect which is used in their schools. They publish one daily paper in that language and another in Yiddish. In the past 15 years about 460 books have been published in the Uzbek Jewish language with a total circulation of 828,000 copies. All Russian classics have been translated into that dialect and there exists an Uzbek Jewish State theatre.