Wholesale Exile of Burgenland Jews Continues; 150 Slated for Banishment in One Town
Menu JTA Search

Wholesale Exile of Burgenland Jews Continues; 150 Slated for Banishment in One Town

Download PDF for this date

Wholesale banishment of Jews from their homes in Burgenland province, which borders both Czechoslovakia and Hungary, will reach a high point tomorrow when 150 persons are forced to leave the town of Deutschkreuz. Like others throughout the province, the group has been ordered to quit German soil forever.

From one to twenty Jewish families have been ousted from each of the following towns in the province: Frauenkirchen, Neusiedl-am-see, Wallern, Pamhagen, Goltz, Kitsee, Eisenstadt, Kobersdorf and Rechnitz. One exiled family has a continuous record of residence in its town since the fourteenth century. Many others date back two to three hundred years.

Although the procedure of banishment varies with the towns and families involved, it is essentially this: The Jews are given from three days to a fortnight to leave German soil. They must yield practically their entire fortune to the authorities and are often forced to sign a document stating that they had been enemies of the Nazi party or the State, had cheated or otherwise offended against the law, and that they were “voluntarily” relinquishing their property.

In Rechnitz, it was reliably reported, 20 Jews ordered from their homes were sent to the Yugoslav frontier. Their friends do not know what has become of them. In another community all foreign Jews, chiefly Hungarian and Rumanian, were ordered to appear within three hours at the town hall and notified they must leave within three days. They were permitted to take with them only their clothes and 20 schillings each.

Professor Wilhelm Knoepfelmacher, Jewish psychiatrist who formerly was head of the children’s clinic at Vienna University, has committed suicide, it was learned today.

Four prominent personalities were added today to the list of Jews who have been transferred from local prisons to the Nazi concentration camp at Dachau, near Munich. They are Robert Danneberg, former Social Democratic leader and chief editor of the Arbeiter Zeitung; Oswald Richter, former attorney for the Arbeiter Zeitung; Dr. Heinrich Steinitz, Social Democratic attorney, and Dr. Armand Eisler, formerly counsel for Soviet commercial representatives.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund