BERLIN (Jun. 22)
A hundred youths last night invaded the Jewish Manuel Training School in the Pankow section of Berlin, smashed windows and forced several Jewish boys to paint anti-Semitic slogans on neighboring Jewish shops.
The demonstration preceded the declaration by Paul Joseph Goebbels, Reichs Minister of Propaganda, at a Summer Solstice celebration that the fight against the Jews would be handled by legislative means, rather than by the people in the street. How seriously this statement will be taken by the radical members of the Nazi Party remains to be seen.
Until early this evening the center of the city was quieter than at any time in the past ten days, although mute reminders of the window-painting spree still defiled Jewish shops in nearly every quarter. By this morning the pickets and gaping crowds had disappeared from before Jewish shops on the Kurfuerstendamm.
SMALL SHOPS STAY “CLOSED BY PEOPLE”
Nevertheless small Jewish shops in many sections remained closed, some bearing signs, “Closed by the People.” The larger shops were nearly empty, “Aryans” avoiding them as a matter of policy, and Jews not desiring to spend in view of future uncertainty.
Dr. Goebbels’ statement that the economic strait-jacket in which the German Jews are caught would be legally tightened did not come as a surprise. Two powerful and effective weapons are already in the hands of the Nazis –registration of Jewish property under Field Marshal Hermann Goering’s decree and the blanket boycott powers implicitly given Minister of Economics Walther Funk under the decree authorizing and ordering self identification of Jewish enterprises.
What will follow the registration is not yet clear. In any case prolongation of the period for registration for Jews outside the Reich is likely further to delay developments until later in the Summer.
FIRST DEATH AMONG IMPRISONED BERLIN JEWS REVEALED
The first death among the Jews sent to the new Buchenwald concentration camp was revealed yesterday as that of Dr. Max Leopold, 63, who was arrested at the commencement of the mass round-up last week. His family was notified that his body had been cremated and that the ashes were obtainable at Weimar.
Crowds were still blocking several Jewish shops on the Kurfuerstendamm and fresh painting of anti-Semitic slogans was reported from various sections of Berlin, although Nazi sources asserted that the “spontaneous” phase of the anti-Semitic campaign was over and henceforth “Aryanization” of economic life would be restricted to “ordinary legal channels.”
It was indicated that the shifting of tactics would mean cessation of painting and picketing, but a continuance of cafe raids and arrests of “criminal elements.” in the past 24 hours shops on the Kurfuerstendamm and side streets were painted, and also in Kopenick, Pankow and outlying districts.
The wholesale arrests of Jews have apparently come to a temporary end. It is estimated that a total of 2,000 were seized in Berlin and from four to five thousand in all of Old Germany, excluding those who were picked up in cafe raids and released after their papers were examined.
Economics Minister Walther Funk has decreed that foreign Jews possessing property in the Reich and not having permanent German residence are exempted from the decree of Hermann Goering, dictator for the economic four-year-plan, for registration of Jewish property. However, the ordinance declares that those foreign Jews living in Germany are expected to register their property in the Reich, Thus not completely meeting the American protest against application of the decree to American nationals. At the same time, the term of registration for German Jews living abroad in Europe, including the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, was extended from June 30 to July 31, and for German Jews living elsewhere, to Oct. 31. The deadline for German Jews within reach remains June 30.