LIMA (Dec. 23)
United States Secretary of State Cordell Hull today gave his official approval to the Argentine “maximum concession” stand by affixing his signature to the “Lima declaration” of inter-American solidarity, and Argentina – one of the last hold-outs-signed tonight.
It was reliably understood the final draft, as prepared by Foreign Minister Carlos Concha of Peru and Afranio de Mello Franco of Brazil, acting as mediators, was based on the Argentine declaration that “a spiritual union exists among all the American states.”
Although the final text of the resolution had not yet been made public, well informed sources said it paralleled the Argentine “spiritual union” principle, which declares that the 21 American republics have “similar institutions and governments, based on the principles of religious and racial tolerance.”
The congress was on record as opposed to all forms of racial and religious persecutions. In a resolution framed by Chile and somewhat weaker than one introduced earlier in the session by Cuba, the Congress declared its conviction that “All persecutions from racial or religious motives which place a number of human beings in the impossibility of obtaining a decent livelihood are contrary to all its politics and juridical rules.”
“Democratic conceptions of the State,” the resolution declared, “guarantee to all individuals the essential conditions for development of their legitimate activities on a dignified basis.”