Jewish Underground Movement in Nazi Poland Reported to Function in Sixty Centers

The Jewish underground movement in Nazi-held Poland is conducted in nearly 60 cities and towns, according to a report published here today by the Jewish Scientific Institute.

The report, based on information reaching the Institute from Poland says that “the task is being performed with self-sacrifice beyond belief” and that all anti-Nazi underground activities in the Government General are united under a central leadership.

Two weekly magazines for adults and special underground journals for the young are published by the Jewish underground movement in Poland, according to S. Mendelsohn, who compiled the report. “No one can get through the ghetto wall, but Jewish and Polish working men have dug an underground connection and have shaken hands,” the report says.

The report also emphasizes the fact that the underground movement keeps the Jewish population in Poland informed of resistance to the Nazis in occupied countries and inculcates in Polish Jews the belief that though they are persecuted, a majority will survive to see the final defeat of Hitlerism.

A detailed many-sided account of Jewish life in the Warsaw ghetto was also published this week by the Institute of Jewish Affairs of which Dr. Jacob Robinson is director. The account deals with the administrative structure of the ghetto as well as with the daily life there as it is conducted under the Nazi regime.

It points out that behind the facade of mock self-government vested in the Jewish Council by the Nazis, the Warsaw ghetto is in reality the world’s largest concentration camp where, however, the prisoners must pay taxes, their skilled craftsmen must produce articles that the Germans demand, and others must toil in Nazi labor gangs.

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