Ghettos in Number of Towns Liquidated As Jews Are Exterminated
Menu JTA Search

Ghettos in Number of Towns Liquidated As Jews Are Exterminated

Download PDF for this date

The ghettos in the towns of Palencia, Rembertow. Nowy-Dwor, Kaluszyn, Minsk Mazowieck were “liquidated” by the local Nazi authorities as the entire Jewish population there was either killed or deported to the “exterminating camps.” In the cities of Vilna, Lwow, Stanislawow, Tarnopol, Stryj enly a small number of Jews remain. In Warsaw, 6,000 Jews were assembled on a square and driven to a cemetery where they were shot as “punishment” for the suicide of Adam Czerniakow, the head of the ghetto council, who took his life when faced with the alternative of delivering 10,000 Jews daily to the Nazi authorities for deportation and extermination.

While in September the Nazis printed 130,000 ration cards for distribution among the Jews in the Warsaw ghetto, there were only 40,000 issued in October, the Polish report states. “According to information leaking out from the German Labor Office, only 40,000 Jews were to remain in the Warsaw ghetto, all of whom were to be thoroughly skilled workers, to be employed in German war industries,” the statement of the Polish Government said. It added that illegal pamphlets circulated among the Polish population strongly protested the large-scale executions of the Jews.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund