Many Jews in Carpatho-russia Seek Czechoslovak Citizenship; Prague Studying Problem

The Czechoslovakian Government is now trying to establish whether Jews in Carpatho-Russia-the seotion of Czechoslovakia which has become a part of the USSR-can choose Czechoslovak citizenship under the Moscow treaty which grants free choice of either Soviet or Czechoslovak citizenship to residents of Carpatho-Russia.

The problem is delicate because of the fact that the Moscow treaty speaks expressly of Czochs and Slovaks only, not mentioning Jews. However, there are at present many Jews in Carpatho-Russia who would want to choose Czechoslovak citizenship. Other Jews would like to emigrate to overseas countries. Jews employed in the civil service system established by the Soviet authorities, however, prefer to remain where they are.

No arrests of Zionist or other Jewish leaders have taken place in Carpatho- Russia since that territory became a part of Scviet Ukraine, it was reliably established. It was confirmed that Zionist activities have been declared illegal and all Hebrew schools have been closed throughout Carpatho-Russia, but the Jewish community councils are functioning and there is loss anti-Jewish feelings today in that part of former Czechoslovakia than in Slovakia.

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