Jewish Refugee Biologist Co-winner of Nobel Award for Work on Penicillin

Dr. Ernst Boris Chain, a Jewish biologist who was forced to flee Germany after the advent of the Nazis, has been named co-winner of the 1945 Nobel prize for physiology and medicine for his work in developing penicillin, it was announced in Stockholm last night. The other winners are Sir Alexander Fleming and Sir Howard Walter Florey, British scientists.

Dr. Chain, who is now in New York on a mission for the Medical Research Council of Great Britain, has been a British citizen since 1939 and is a lecturer at Oxford University. In pre-Hitler days he was active in Jewish cultural life in Berlin and was a member of the well known "Sholem Aleichem Literary Club" there.

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