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Most Yugoslav Jews Do Not Plan to Emigrate; Hard Hit Community Aided by JDC

The majority of the surviving Jews in Yugoslavia, who are but a fraction of the pre-war Jewish population–10,000 of 75,000–are rapidly adjusting themselves to the new conditions here. Unlike those of other Eastern European countries, most of them do not desire to emigrate to Palestine, but plan to remain.

Many of the survivors are professionals and tradesmen, and a large percentage of them are employed in various state institutions. The Government, which was the first postwar regime to issue a law outlawing anti-Semitism, is rigidly enforcing the decree and Jews find little, if any, discrimination.

The economic position of the Jews, however, like that of the rest of the population is bad. The country was badly ravaged by the Germans, and there is an acute shortage of foodstuffs. A local committee of the Joint Distribution Committee is providing the financial and other assistance without which these people could not live.