LAKE SUCCESS (Jul. 15)
The adoption of an American resolution calling in the U.S. Security Council to order an immediate cessation of hostilities in Palestine was virtually assured here today when Ukrainian delegate Dmitri Manuilsky, who is also President of the Council. Indicated that the U.S.R.R. and the Ukraine till vote for those sections of the resolution which they favor, but will not veto the provisions which they oppose.
At the same time, U.S. delegate Philip C. Jessup, In an attempt to secure prompt approval of the cease-fire proposal, conceded one point to the Russians — that demilitarization of Jerusalem meant actual withdrawal of all fighting men from lie city While the U.S. still favored internationalizing the city, Jessup said, it lid not feel that it was possible to do so on the “basis of a Trusteeship Council plan drawn up earlier this year because that plan was predicated on the existence of an Independent Palestine Arab state which never came into existence.
As the Council session bogged down in long and involved speeches tonight, Council president Manuilski indicated that he would keep the body in session all night if necessary to carry though adoption of the resolution. (As the Bulletin went to press a vote had not yet been taken.) The morning session featured a long, involved filibuster by Arab delegates.
Toward the end of the morning session Argentinian delegate Jose Arce demanded pat the resolution be voted paragraph by paragraph. With the adoption of this procedure, it became possible for the Russian and Ukrainian delegation to back the American bloc on the punitive sections of the resolution, with which they agreed. On the other points, which briefly concern the powers and responsibilities of the mediator, Argentina and China, who were expected to abstain on the other sections, would vote favorably. Thus, the resolution would at all times be assured at least the necessary seven-vote majority.
MANUILSKI HOLDS BERNADOTTE PARTIALLY RESPONSIBLE FOR RENEWAL OF WAR
Manuilsky charged mediator Count Folke Bernadotte with partial responsibility far the renewal of hostilities in Palestine. He accused Bernadotte of encouraging Arab intransigence by helping to spread the conviction that the General Assembly decision to partition Palestine was going to be scrapped. This impression stemmed directly from Bernadotte’s “suggestions” which violated that Assembly’s decision by proceeding to revise the frontiers of Israel without consulting the U.N, the Ukrainian said. Manuilsky also declared that the U.S. proposal for demilitarizing Jerusalem was a veiled attempt to occupy the Holy City by troops of the western powers.
Aubrey S. Eban, the Israeli representative, condemned an Egyptian reference this morning to the need for “firemen” to put out the rebellious Jewish blaze in Palestine. ‘The idea of Egypt playing the role of international fireman while throwing incendiary bombs over the city of Tel Aviv has passed being an international joke, “he declared. Eban welcomed the United States conception of the demilitarization of Jerusalem, but insisted that this “be done “without prejudice” to the ultimate political fate of the city.
Bernadotte, who deferred his departure for Rhodes until Saturday, told the council’ that Ole Bakke, one of the 50 security guards sent from Lake Success to Palestine, had “been killed “by a sniper July 13 while on duty on Mt. Scopus. Canadian General Andrew G.L. McNaughton, paying tribute to the Norwegian volunteer, said the council must insist that the U.N. flag and its personnel be respected at all times by both sides.
Fear that a powerful Jewish attack would conquer the entire city of Jerusalem within the next few days was expressed by Jean Nieuwenhuys, Belgian chairman of 1t3fb Truce Commission in Jerusalem, in a message received here today. Another cablegram, accused the Jewish garrison of trying to seize the power station of the Jerusalem Electric Corporation. Unlike most official U.N. communications, both cables are marked by an almost hysterical tone, notably absent from pre-truce communications when it was the Arab Legion rather than the Haganah seemed to hold the upper ?and in the fighting.
Referring to the kidnapping of five Britons by the Irgun Zvai Leumi on July 6, Nieuwenhuys said the Irgun was trying to collect evidence that the British officials, including the manager of the corporation, had been engaged in espionage for the Arabs. “My colleagues and I believe,” he declared, “that even if the charges are substantiated partly, that it may merely be part of a whole scheme’ carefully planned by the Jews beforehand in order to seize illegally the power station and its assets.”