LAKE SUCCESS (Aug. 20)
The first step towards applying for admission to United Nations membership was taken hare today by the Israeli Government in addressing an eight-page memorandum to each of the Security Council, emphasizing that the admission of Israel into the family of nations would enhance the prospects for stability and peace in the Wear East.
The formal application for admission to U.N. membership will be made by the Israeli Government at the forthcoming meeting of the United Evasions General Assembly in Paris next month. In the memorandum and addressed today to the members of the Security Council, Aubrey S. Eban, Israeli representative, pointed out that “Israel qualifies for membership under Article Four of the U.N. Charter, since it is a state–reace-loving and ready to accept and abide by the obligations of the Charter.”
“While eligibility under Article Four constitutes sufficient grounds for ad admission,” Eban wrote, “it is relevant to point out that the Palestine situation requires swift stabilization. It is clearly an essential condition of a peaceful adjustment that the Arab states should be induced to acquiesce in the existence of Israel and abandon all attempts to eliminate it by force,” he said.
“Everything which makes the existence of Israel a permanent and irrevocable fact in Arab eyes is a contribution to peace and a deterrent to resumed hostilities. If the international community is to reconcile the Arab world to peaceful relations with Israel, it should itself acknowledge what it wishes the Arab would to recognize,” the memorandum pointed out.
ISRAEL’S ADMISSION TO U.N. WOULD NOT DISTURB MEDIATION IN PALESTINE
Prospects for mediation would not be disturbed by Israel’s admission to the U.N. since the mediator’s mission itself recognizes the government of Israel, and is in constant and explicit touch with it, Eban emphasized. He recalled that the partition plan of the General Assembly envisaged membership for either state to be established in Palestine. “Under the plan, admission of one state was made independent of the other and therefore Israel’s membership need not be delayed despite the fact that the Arab stats in Palestine and the economic union of these two states have not materialized,” he added.
“The United Hations cannot with logic or reason refuse to acknowledge a state to whose birth it gave the sanction and incentive of its own prior recommendation,” the Israeli memorandum declared. “If the U.N. fails to act on Israel’s application during its Paris meeting this fall, the result would be an indeterminate and uncertain political atmosphere for another full year.”
The memorandum pointed out that the government of Israel exercises effective authority within a defined area and thus fulfils the generally accepted definition of statehood. It noted also that Israel is independent of any other government and has no military commitments to any other state “which derogate from its full independence.”
Describing the organization of the Government, Mr. Eban noted that “The internal authority is fully accepted by the population. The Government represents a wide coalition and is responsible to a State Council of 37 members representing prorate all the organized political parties within the state.”
In order to become a member of the United Nations, a state must receive seven votes from the Security Council prior to General Assembly consideration of its application.