Arab Protests on German-israel Pact Are “blackmail,” U.N. Hears

The “### internation” is the Arab states into the reparations treaty between Israel and West Germany are ### but “blackmail,” the U.N. General Assembly was told today by Ambassador Abba ###, chief Israeli delegate. He said that they had threatened to use economic and political sanctions against the German Government if it ### the agreement. However, he read out a news dispatch indicating that Chancellor ### would refuse to yield to the Arab threats.

Mr. Ehan cailed the Arab intervention an abuse of the ### of the United Nations and an ### into the ### of the s### governments. It was “none of their business and concern, ” Mr. Eban said. He quoted the Egyptian Foreign Minister as saying that West Germany and Israel had no right to sign such an agreement, and said that the Egyptian Minister’s attitude was similar to the attitude adopted toward colonial territories.

The Israeli delegate described the treaty between Israel and Germany as “a most remarkable episode. Historians of the futures would pause and wonder at it,” he said, adding that it marked an ultimate victory of “weakness over strength and responsibility over tyranny.” Israel, owing to its new sovereignty has “received the public penance of its most savage foe,” he declared. The treaty had drawn a “deep unani### echo of applause from all the free countries of the world,” he pointed out.

Mr. Eban said that this Arab interference “rested on the assumption that the Arabs were in a state of war with Israeli; it rested on the assumption of international illegality.” He referred to the fact that Egypt was in defiance of a Security Council resolution to halt the blockade of Israel-bound shipping through the Suez Canal. Under the armistice agreements, he pointed out, neither party could assert itself as an active belligerent.

The Israel representative stressed that it was the basic duty of the Near Eastern States to negotiate for a peaceful settlement, that they had no moral right to complain if they did not want to negotiate. He drew attention to the fact that the Arab states had refused to give home or shelter to their own kinsmen.

At the beginning of his speech, he spoke of it being difficult to remember a time of greater danger to the world. And he added that there was no way of relieving tensions except by agreements. He noted that the agenda of the Assembly was full of Arab complaints. “Fellow delegates, he ### are 54 nations full of sin while the Arab states stand out full of virtue,” he said.

SYRIAN DELEGATE SPEAKS AT U.N. AGAINST GERMAN-ISRAELI PACT

Syrian Foreign Minister Zafir el Rifai told the Assembly today that the indemnification being paid by West Germany to Israel was “contrary to all norms of public and private law.” He cited this as an example of the “disordered” way in which this “community” which was regarded as a state in the United Nations was conducting itself. He claimed that Israel was “incapable of behaving as a state.”

Referring to the Palestine problem, Mr. Rifai said that various resolutions adopted by the United Nations and the Security Council had been treated with disdain by the Israeli authorities. Each session of the United Nations, the Syrian delegate asserted, decided, by implication if nothing else, on the repatriation of Arab refugees–but Israel always turned a deaf ear. He said that the Israeli authorities had refused to accept the principle of indemnification for the Arab refugees.

Israeli delegate Arthur Livran told the U.N. Budget and Administrative Committee today that it would require a great improvement in Israel’s economic situation before Israel could accept the present increase in its assessment. “The rise by 41 percent over 1951 in last year’s assessment for my country,” he said, “has not yet lost the force of its burdensome impact even though it now appears as spaced out over a period of two years.”

He said that Israel had made a special effort to pay its contribute

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