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Two Nazis Condemned to Death in France; Deported Thousands of Jews

Karl Oberg, one-time S.S. General in France, known during the occupation of France as the “Butcher of Paris, ” and his aide, former Gestapo Col. Helmuth Knocken, were condemned to death this week-end by a French military tribunal which convicted them of war crimes, including the mass deportation and death of tens of thousands of Jews.

Both men, currently serving life imprisonment sentences imposed by a British court for ordering the execution of British paratroopers during the war, based their defense on the argument that in ordering mass executions or deportations they had acted on orders from Hitler or Heinrich Himmler.