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Javits Sees Need for New UN Resolution if Middle East Talks Do Not Get Started

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Sen. Jacob K. Javits, New York Republican, called today for United States-Soviet sponsorship of a new United Nations Security Council resolution on the Middle East if the resolution of Nov. 22, 1967 proves “as, now seems likely, inadequate to the task of getting real negotiations started among the nations involved Sen. Javits proposal was part of a five-point program for the Middle East which he outlined in a speech on the Senate floor. He said the new resolution should specifically address itself to the ways in which negotiations are to be carried on to implement the Nov. 22 resolution.

Sen. Javits also called for U.S.-Soviet agreement on the limitation of arms shipments to the Middle East, a prospect which he thought was encouraged by the new U.S.-Soviet nuclear non-proliferation agreement. But “If the Soviet Union continues to be unwilling to reach an agreement on limiting the supply of arms to the Middle East indeed until such time as a workable agreement is actually reached -it will be essential for the U.S. to assure that there is an arms balance by providing Israel with such sophisticated military equipment as is needed for Its security and which it cannot obtain else-where,”Sen. Javits said.

The New York legislator also called for a “presidential Initiative” In NATO and with America’s Western allies for a “just and durable peace in the Middle East and for a major international initiative on the Arab refugee problem with a view to replacing the outmoded United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) approach” by a system that is” self-liquidating rather than self-perpetuating.”

Sen, Javits suggested that the State Department undertake an “Intensive and imaginative study” of some form of scientific, economic and technical cooperation in the Middle East that could serve as a political rallying point for America’s friends there. He said that Israel need not participate in such a development “If its inclusion would create political obstacles which outweigh the undoubted contributions it could make.”

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