London (Nov. 24)
Sir Hans Krebs, a German Jewish refugee who became one of Britain’s most distinguished scientists, has died in Oxford at the age of 81. He was invited to Britain after Hitler came to power and became a professor of biochemistry at Sheffield and Oxford Universities. In 1953 he received the Nobel Prize for medicine and physiology.
He is best known for his discovery of two chains of metabolic reactions, which paved the way for a huge growth in metabolic chemistry. The son of a surgeon, Krebs was born in Hildesheim, Germany, Aug. 25, 1900. On being invited to Cambridge, Krebs was allowed to bring only 10 Marks out of Nazi Germany but fortunately was able to transport much of his laboratory equipment. He was a Fellow of the Royal Society and received a Knighthood in 1958.