Birobidzhan May Soon Have No Jews
Menu JTA Search

Birobidzhan May Soon Have No Jews

Download PDF for this date

The town of Birobidzhan, the center of an area of the same name, may soon have no Jews.

The percentage of Jews emigrating from the town of Birobidzhan, located in the area also known as the Jewish Autonomous Region, is one of the highest in Russia.

The area in the Russian Far East, which was a destination for Jewish immigration since 1928 and officially designated the Jewish Autonomous Region by Stalin in 1934, was long touted by the Soviet authorities as an example of flourishing Jewish life in the Soviet Union.

In 1989, the town of Birobidzhan had a Jewish population of about 9,000. By 1996, 7,500 Jews had left Birobidzhan. Most of them went to Israel.

But David Vaiserman, spokesman for the local administration, said at least 15,000 people of the town of Birobidzhan’s population of 75,000 might be able to “claim that they have Jewish ancestry.”

Most of the families in which both parents are Jewish left Birobidzhan in the first wave of emigration in the late 1980s.

In the next wave, from 1990 to 1993, many families with one Jewish parent emigrated.

Now, some of those leaving the area for Israel are people with Jewish grandparents.

“A wish to emigrate is the only thing that binds them to Jewry,” Vaiserman said.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund