Search JTA's historical archive dating back to 1923

Oppressed, Jews Prepare to Flee Turkey, Report

July 31, 1923
See Original Daily Bulletin From This Date

Turkey under the Kemalist regime is outdistancing the most anti-Semitic practices of the government which it superceded, according to reports received here.

Since the middle of June, Jews have been forbidden to travel about the country, Jewish schools are compelled to engage Musslumen for the teaching of Turkish and to dismiss those now employed. In some of the cities, it is stated, orders have been issued compelling Jewish tradesmen to refund the money paid them by Turks for all goods purchased from them. An order has also been issued providing that only Musslman shall be eligible to membership in the National Assembly. Particular disappointment is said to be felt because Rabbi Hayim Nahum, former Chief Rabbi of Turkey, a staunch friend of the Young Turks and advisor to the Kemalist Delegation at Lausanne has not been elected to the Assembly.

Not satisfied with having expelled all Christians of Thrace and Anatolia, they are now adopting the same measures against the Jews. With the loss of the Greek and Jewish elements from the region, Anatolia has become almost lifeless.

The belief of the Turks that the expulsion of the Greeks and Jews would boost their own prosperity was lately disproved virtually by themselves, when a group of Turkish silk cacoon salesmen at Andrapople market fair prevailed on the government to lift its ban on Jewish tradesmen at the fair in order that they might get a better price for their merchandise.

As a result of the endless restrictions Jews are said to be preparing to leave Turkey by shiploads, as expectation of diplomatic victories at Lausanne, coming on the heels of their victory in battle, is spurring the Turks to inaugurate fresh restrictions and disabilities against non-Moslems.

Recommended from JTA