(J. T. A. Mail Service)
The award of the Nobel Prize for Literature to Professor Henri Louis Bergson, announced by the Swedish Academy, brings the number of Jewish Nobel Prize winners up to eleven. The winners of the Nobel Prize, awarded each year since 1901, were recalled here upon this year’s announcement of awards.
Professor Albert Abraham Michelson, of Chicago University, noted physicist, was awarded the Prize in 1907, his experiments being regarded as the starting point of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity. Professor Gabriel Lippman, Professor of Mathematical and Experimental Physics at the Sorbonne University in Paris, who died in 1918, was awarded the prize in 1908. Professor Otto Wallach of Goettingen University, who died in 1920, received the Nobel Prize for chemistry in 1910; Professor Richard Willstaetter, the foremost organic chemist in Germany, received the Nobel Prize in 1915 for his researches in the chemistry of chlorophyll. Professor Fritz Haber, of Berlin University, one of the greatest physical chemists of the day, received the Nobel Prize in 1918 for his work on the synthesis of ammonia. Professor Paul Ehrlich, who died in 1915, the discoverer of “606,” one of the men belonging to the small group of the greatest minds in medical science, including Pasteur, Lister and Koch, received the Nobel Prize in 1908.
Professor Albert Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921. Tobias Michael Carel Asser, who died in 1913, member of the Dutch Council of State, and author of a number of important works on economics and law, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1911; Alfred H. Fried, who died in 1921, the founder of the German Peace Society and a life-worker as a propagandist for international peace, received the Nobel Peace Prize in the same year as Asser; and Professor James Franck of Goettingen University, received the Nozel Prize for physics in 1926 for his research work in the atomic theory.
In addition, three other Nobel Prize winners, Elie Metchnikoff, who had a Jewish mother, and Henri Moissan and Gustav Hertz, were of Jewish origin.
The Archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency includes articles published from 1923 to 2008. Archive stories reflect the journalistic standards and practices of the time they were published.