Search JTA's historical archive dating back to 1923

Zionist Oppositionists Submit Program in Congress Election Campaign

June 2, 1929
See Original Daily Bulletin From This Date

More clarity on the attitude of the American Zionist opposition group, led by Judge Julian W. Mack, and termed in the Zionist ballot as “Herzl Zionists,” is shed in an election circular issued by the group in connection with the forthcoming elections on June 9.

Urging support for its ticket, for delegates to the Zionist Congress, the Association for Zionist Organization Reorganization presents the following three planks as the program of the Herzl Zionists.

“1. We stand for the actual achievement of the Jewish National Home through the early settlement of a Jewish majority in Palestine on a sound economic basis. We are opposed to any policy which envisages or tends to limit the Jewish effort in Palestine to the establishment of a mere cultural or spiritual center.

“2. In any extension of the Jewish Agency we stand for adherence to the underlying principles embodied in the resolutions of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Zionist Congresses, especially with reference to the inviolability of the Mandate and the termination of any Agency Agreement or Pact at some definite period, be it three, four or five years by notice to be given at least one year prior thereto; in default of such notice, the agreement to be deemed renewed for successive periods subject to a similar notice. But such termination may be made effective at any time and without notice on a vote of two-thirds of the entire Council of such Agency.

“3. In order to safeguard and preserve the democratic character of Zionist aims and ideals within the Zionist Organization, we advocate that the statutes of the Zionist Organization should be amended so as to provide that there shall be no ex-officio delegates in any Zionist Congress, and that only such persons as shall have been duly elected delegates by the shekel-payers shall have the right to act and vote as delegates.”

The circular explains, however, that under the constitution of the World Zionist Organization binding or instructing delegates to the Zionist Congress is prohibited. The program offered represents the views of those nominated on the “Herzl Zionists” ticket, but if elected, the circular states, “the delegates remain free to exercise their best judgment at Zurich.”

Explaining the second plank, dealing with the Jewish Agency question, the circular offers the following comment:

“The risks involved in any discussion of proposed changes in the mandate are too obvious to require emphasis.

“As to the dissolution clause it is a fact that the Zionist Organization has to date interpreted it as meaning dissolution at will while Mr. Marshall and his associates naturally read it as implying “dissolution by mutual con-

(Continued on Page 4)

(Continued from Page 3) sent.” We believe the Congresses which authorized the Agency extension negotiations were right in requiring preliminary period. No one can foresee how the extended Agency will shape up. If the pact is consummated the Agency will be a new experience in Jewish life, and if dissolution becomes necessary we would desire to avoid any form that could carry with it the implication that the Jewish National Homeland has failed, when as a matter of fact it might well be that the Agency constitution was unworkable. We, therefore, submit two plans for dissolution. If the occasion arises either can be used without raising questions of good faith or involving Zionist fundamentals.”

The Hillel Players of Ohio State University have finished a successful season which included Ansky’s “Dybbuk,” and the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta, “H. M. S. Pinafore.” Of this last performance the University paper, “Ohio State Lantern,” said:

“Hillel Players have put to shame anything of a musical or dramatic nature that has been presented in University Chapel in the last two years.

Recommended from JTA