Holland Acts to Protect Reich Exiles
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Holland Acts to Protect Reich Exiles

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Special identity certificates similar to regular passports were introduced today by the Foreign Ministry in Holland for Jewish and other refugees from Germany.

The innovation was made in an effort of the Dutch government to assist the German refugees domiciled in Holland. The identity cards will be issued only to such refugees as have resided in the country not less than eighteen months.


The number of German Jewish refugees in Holland is estimated at about 3,000. This number is just one half of the total of Jewish refugees from Germany who were registered in Holland a year ago. Many of the refugees have since left for France and Belgium. A number of them returned to Germany.

In view of the new drive which the Nazis in Germany started against German-Jewish refugees who returned to the Reich, it is expected here that within the next few weeks there will be a new flood of Jewish refugees from Germany. The Amsterdam Jewish Committee to help the refugees is now negotiating with the Paris office of the Joint Distribution Committee for special funds to assist the expected newcomers.


In a cable from its Berlin correspondent the New York Times reports that the speeches by Dr. Schacht and Dr. Lippert, urging moderation in the anti-Jewish policy of the government are only strategic means to cover up a new drive which the Nazis have started against the Jews.

In addition to arresting Jewish emigres returning to Germany, as exclusively reported last week by the Jewish Telegraphic Agency, the following measures have been taken in the Reich, according to the Times:


All propaganda urging German Jews to remain in Germany, including advice to former non-Zionist Jewish organizations and to bewildered Jewish youth, has been prohibited by the secret police. Meetings in which advice was offered have been broken up by the police, and even some arrests have been reported. For this reason the “Day of Jewish Youth,” which was to unite all German Jewish youth organizations in Berlin March 10 and 11, has been indefinitely postponed.

Orders have gone out and even been published in the press by the less reticent Nazi administrators, instructing the police to discourage all work designed to train Jewish youth—that is, they are barred from academic careers, from making a living on farms and from manual crafts—unless such training is expressly designed to promote emigration to Palestine.

German Jews have been forbidden to display the German flag. This order was lifted the day of the Saar festival, but immediately reimposed the following day.

The nature of these measures seems to indicate that the main purpose is to increase the pressure on Jews in order to drive them out of Germany.

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