Relief Worker Reports Nazi Atrocities Against Jews in Moscow District
Menu JTA Search

Relief Worker Reports Nazi Atrocities Against Jews in Moscow District

Download PDF for this date

Chana Landberg, a Moscow social worker who returned here today after a relief tour of the devastated areas in the Moscow region recaptured from the Nazis related harrowing details of the German atrocities in the area.

In the village of Glinka a Nazi soldier, pretending to aid a Jewish woman who was carrying her sick child to a hospital, took the child from her arms with the words. “I’ll help you,” and then flung the infant onto the point of a bayonet. In the same village Meyer Ginzburg, 60, was shot by a Nazi soldier when he refused to interrupt his prayers to remove his overshoes which the Nazi wanted. In all the villages, Mrs. Landberg reported, she saw husbands whose wives had been violated and children killed before their eyes.

The Germans were particularly brutal in their treatment of children, Mrs. Landberg continued. In the village of Ivliany, in the Volokolamsk region, a sleeping Nazi soldier, disturbed by the crying of a three-year-old Jewish child, arose and kicked the boy in the head, blinding him. On her tour Mrs. Landberg saw many children who revved the ruins pointing out where their parents had been shot. Efroim Ejdel is one of these. When the village in which he lived was recaptured, the Red Army men found him in the cellar where he had lain wounded for twenty hours, and where he had witnessed the violation and murder of his mother.

The Moscow press today cites the heroism of a Jewish naval surgeon, Zavel Levin, who saw service on the besieged cities of Odessa and Sevastopol, and is now on an undisclosed front. His skill and tirelessness has won him such wide-spread fame among the Red Army men, according to the Moscow press, that they comfort wounded with the assurance that “once you get into Levin’s hands you are sure to come out alive.”

On the production front the Soviet press today lauds Israel Oksman, a metal worker in one of the large industrial towns along the Volga, who has speeded up production in his plant by two hundred percent, although he never saw the inside of a steel foundry before he was forced to leave the Ukrainian town of Vinitsa with his wife and family to escape capture by the Nazis. Although Oksman recently lost two fingers when his hand was caught in his machine, he is back at work, continuing the same Stakhanovite rate of production, the article states. His factory now ranks among the leaders in the All Union Socialist competition.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund