Polish Government Organizes Aid for Jews in Cracow District; 3,500 Survivors in City
Menu JTA Search

Polish Government Organizes Aid for Jews in Cracow District; 3,500 Survivors in City

Download PDF for this date

A report on measures taken by the Polish Government to aid and rehabilitate the surviving Jewish population in the Cracow district has been received here from Warsaw.

A special committee has been set up by the government for this purpose, the report says. The Jews have been provided with living quarters, public dining rooms and medical aid has been organized. Special care is being devoted to the children. An orphanage for thirty children has been established in Cracow. In addition, the committee has granted funds for the maintenance of 120 children living with their parents. All children are under constant medical supervision. A school and a kinderarten will be opened shortly.

The committee has its own hospital with 500 beds. Food is being supplied to (##) Jews receiving treatment in municipal hospitals. A children’s camp has been organised in Rabke and children’s home for 300 orphans between the ages of five and fourteen is expected to open in the near future. Over 50 of the orphans were rescued from the Oswiecim camp. The committee is also engaged in organising "artels," which are industrial co-operatives. In Tarnow, where there are now 340 Jews, a tuilors’ hotel employing 105 people has been established. It produces uniforms and underwear for the Polish Army. Another tailors’ artel is being organized in Cracow.

In 1939 the Jewish population of Cracow numbered 54,000. New there are only 5,500 Jews in the city. Of the about 200,000 Jews who lived in the Craw district, including the city itself only 5,500 Jews are left. Not a single Jew survives in a number of towns, such as Miszlenice Nowotarg, and several rural areas. About two-thirds of the present Jewish population consists of fugitives from Eastern Poland and Warsaw. Rest of the survivors are intellectuals, doctors, lawyers and engineers. The only patisans left are shoemakers and tailors. About. 800 Jews have come to Cracow from the (##)wiecim and Czenstochowa camps. These are mainly young and middle-aged people. They are all in an extremely debilitated state, many suffering from tuberculosis, and are skill unfit for work.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund