Fifty Germans who are charged with the murder of over 7,000 Jews at the Dachau concentration camp will go on trial next month in the first large war crimes proceedings in the American zone. It will also be the first prosecution of Germans for crimes against other Germans.
Col. Leon Jaworski, who will be in charge of the trial, estimates that at least 5,000 Jews died at Dachau from ordinary mistreatment and torture, while anywhere between 1,000 and 3,000 died as a result of medical experiments performed upon them. The first of the defendants to be tried, he said, will be the doctors who conducted these experiments, most of whom are in custody. Jews who escaped death at Dachau will appear as witnessess. The trial will be held on the premises of the camp.
The Archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency includes articles published from 1923 to 2008. Archive stories reflect the journalistic standards and practices of the time they were published.