Nuremberg (Aug. 19)
Nineteen of 23 Nazi doctors tried here for complicity in the torture and murder of thousands of persons were today declared to be “chiefly responsible” for experiments on “human guinea pigs” in various concentration camps. The convictions were announced by an American military tribunal, but sentence has not yet been passed.
In addition, nine of the 19 were found guilty of membership in the Gestapo. Among the defendants is Karl Brandt, Hitler’s personal physician, and Herta Oberhause, only woman defendant and a former doctor at the Ravensbrueck concentration camp for women. Evidence introduced at the trial, which opened last December, established that the defendants organized sterilization campaigns and inoculated prisoners with deadly diseases to study their effects and possible cures.