Barack Obama is making significant gains among Jewish voters, according to two new polls.
The polls suggest that after months of hovering around 60 percent, Obama appears to be within striking distance of the 75-80 percent of the Jewish vote won by the three previous Democratic nominees for president.
A Gallup tracking poll of 564 Jewish registered voters, taken over the first three weeks of October, found Obama leading Republican John McCain by a 74-22 percent margin. That was a 13-point increase in support for the Democratic nominee since Gallup’s July poll, which had Obama leading 61-34 percent.
Gallup also released Jewish data from tracking polls in the two previous months showing a steady rise for Obama. The Illinois senator garnered 66 percent in August and 69 percent in September, with McCain at 25 percent for both months. The margin of error for the October survey is plus or minus 5 percent.
Meanwhile, a Qunnipiac University poll taken Oct. 16-21 in Florida found Obama winning 77 percent of Jewish voters in that state to just 20 percent for McCain. While the Jewish statistic was based on a relatively small sample size of 87, and has a margin of error of plus or minus 10.5 percent , the finding is notable because some leading Jewish Democrats in the state had publicly worried this summer about resistance to Obama among South Florida Jews.
Obama’s progress comes despite the Republican Jewish Coalition’s barrage of negative ads painting him as a dangerously inexperienced candidate who has surrounded himself with anti-Israel advisers.
But, some Democratic operatives say, any such concerns over Obama’s experience seem to have been overtaken in some Jewish voters’ minds by worries over the inexperience of Republican vice-presidential candidate Sarah Palin, as well as the Alaska governor’s conservative political views on hot-button social issues such as abortion.
Ira Forman, the executive director of the National Jewish Democratic Council, said that while he saw a few reasons for Obama’s rise among Jewish voters, he felt â€œthe single biggest factorâ€ was Palin.
An American Jewish Committee survey in early September found that just 34 percent of the Jewish community approved of McCain’s pick for running mate and 57 percent disapproving.
Forman also cited what he said were numerous anecdotal and media reports of Jewish voters in swing states who were unhappy with the McCain choice.
Jewish feelings appear to match those in the overall electorate toward Palin. An NBC News/Wall Street Journal poll released earlier this week found 55 percent of voters believe Palin is not qualified to serve as president. Her lack of qualifications was seen in the poll as the biggest concern about a McCain presidency.
Matt Brooks, the executive director of the Republican Jewish Coalition, rejected the idea that Palin — who has voiced staunch support for Israel and a hard line on Iran — was a factor in the recent swing toward Obama among Jewish voters. â€œI don’t believe this has anything to do with Sarah Palin whatsoever,â€ he said. â€œNobody I know is voting for vice president.â€
Brooks attributed McCain’s decline in the Jewish community to the â€œvolatilityâ€ in the electorate during the recent economic crisis. He aruged that as Obama gained ground in the country as a whole in recent weeks, he naturally also gained ground among Jews. Saying he expected the race to tighten nationally, Brooks predicted that McCain’s numbers in the Jewish community would bounce back as well.
The Palin pick may have nullified McCain’s greatest strength in the Jewish community, Democratic observers said.
Some suggested that earlier in the campaign, McCain was more appealing to Jews than other Republican presidential candidates because of his strained relations with the religious right over the years and his moderate record on a variety of issues, from embryonic stem-cell research to immigration.
Palin, conversely, is more line with the thinking of religious conservatives and has been embraced by that group.
In addition to citing the Palin selection, both Forman and Democratic pollster Mark Mellman emphasized the extensive efforts by Obama and his campaign to introduce the Democratic nominee to the Jewish community. The campaign has sent dozens of Jewish surrogates — including Jewish members of Congress and well-known figures such as Ed Koch and Dennis Ross — to key states to talk about Obama’s background and his views on Israel and the Middle East.
â€œAs people got to know him better, they felt a lot more comfortableâ€ with him, Mellman said.
Mellman added that the Gallup Poll was the most reliable measure of Jewish opinion before the election. Unlike other recently released surveys of the community, Gallup used random sampling — the most expensive, and also seen as the most accurate, method of polling.