Jewish groups criticized a U.S. appeals court decision that the words “under God” in the Pledge of Allegiance are unconstitutional. The court ruled Wednesday that the two words, which the U.S. Congress added to the pledge in 1954, amounted to an endorsement of religion. Marc Stern, co-director of the American Jewish Congress’ legal department, said the decision could discredit the whole issue of church-state separation in the public’s eyes.
The Archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency includes articles published from 1923 to 2008. Archive stories reflect the journalistic standards and practices of the time they were published.