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Labor, Civic and Church Groups Ask U.N. to Set Up Jewish and Arab States in Palestine

May 5, 1947
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Five national organizations today submitted to President Oswaldo Aranha of the General Assembly of the United Nations, and to the participating delegations, a 133-page document asking for the immediate establishment of independent Jewish and Arab states in Palestine.

The withdrawal of the British Mandate, immediate admission of the 250,000 Jewish displaced persons in Europe to the area of the proposed Jewish state, cancellation of the White Paper, and repudiation of the British action in declaring Transjordan and independent state were also demanded.

Until creation of the Jewish state, the Jewish Agency for Palestine should be recognized as the official provisional representative of the new Jewish state with authority to regulate immigration, the five groups said. In the interim period after withdrawal of the Mandate, the United Nations was urged to supervise Palestine through a U.N. high commissioner and an international police force.

According to two alternative plans proposed for the establishment of a Jewish state, one calls for an area of 10,400 square miles, 7,000 of which should include western Palestine and the Negev, and 3,000 square miles to be detached from Transjordan. The other plan provides for an area of 7,600 square miles including western Palestine and the Negev but with no part of Transjordan.

The signatories to the memorandum are Freda Kirchwey, president, and Frank P. Graham, chairman of the advisory council of the Nation Associates; Philip Murray, president of the CIO, Frank Kingdon, co-chairman of the Progressive Citizens of America, Henry A. Atkinson, secretary of the Church Peace Union; James G. Patton, president of the Farmers Educational and Cooperative Union; and Raymond Swing, radio commentator.

The interim committee of the American Jewish Conference, at a meeting yesterday, adopted a resolution asking the United Nations to call upon Great Britain to end military rule in Palestine and govern the territory in strict conformity with the Palestine Mandate, while the General Assembly and its fact-finding committee are deliberating on the Palestine problem. The resolution urged the U.S. delegation to propose to the Assembly the adoption of a resolution to the effect that Britain should cease its violations of the Mandate and its destruction of civil and economic rights of the population of Palestine during the period when the U.N. is attempting to solve the Holy Land issue. Otherwise, the conference warned, there is “imminent danger of plunging Palestine into total chaos.”

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