There are five functioning synagogues in the Russian capital. Below is a list of previous attacks on them: Dec. 30, 1993 — The old wooden building of the Marina Roscha Synagogue burned to the ground in what was considered an arson attack.
1994 A hand grenade was thrown at the window of the Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue.
October 1994 — An explosive device disguised as a beer can was found and defused in the courtyard of the Choral Synagogue.
August 1996 — An explosive device went off outside of the Marina Roscha Synagogue. No one was injured.
May 1998 Two people were injured when an explosive device went off near the Marina Roscha Synagogue.
July 13, 1999 A knife-wielding youth entered the Choral Synagogue and stabbed Leopold Kaimovsky, a Jewish leader, several times.
July 25, 1999 An explosive device containing 500 gm of TNT was found in the prayer hall of the Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue. It was successfully defused.
April 2003 An explosive device was found and defused outside the Bolshaya Bronnaya Synagogue.
The Archive of the Jewish Telegraphic Agency includes articles published from 1923 to 2008. Archive stories reflect the journalistic standards and practices of the time they were published.