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Three Jewish Scientists Win Nobel Prizes; Two of Them Reside in United States

November 12, 1944
See Original Daily Bulletin From This Date

Three Jewish scientists, two of them residing in the United States, have been awarded the Nobel Prize in recognition of their contribution to science, it was announced in Stookholm yesterday. The three are:

1. Dr. Isidore Isaac Rabbi, of Columbia University, who was given the 1944 physics award for his research in the resonance method of registering the magnetic moments of atomic particles.

2. Dr. Otto Stern, a refugee from Germany now with the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, who was awarded the 1943 physics prize for development of the molecular ray method of detecting the magnetic momentum of protons.

3. Prof. Georg Hevesy, of Stockholm, who was awarded the 1943 prize for chemistry, in recognition of his work in the use of isotopes as indicators in studying chemical processes.

Dr. Rabi, who was born in 1898 in Austria, was brought to the United States in his infancy. He attended the public schools of Manhattan and Brooklyn and was graduated from Cornell University with a chemistry degree in 1919. Two years later he re-entered Cornell as a graduate student in physics and later want to Columbia, where he received the Ph. D. degree in 1926 for work on the magnetic property of crystals. In 1927 he received the Barnard Fellowship from Columbia and a Fellowship from the International Education Board of the Rockefeller Foundation and spent the next two years studying in Munich. Copenhagen, Hamburg, Leipzig and Zurich.

Dr. Rabi returned to Columbia in 1929 as lecturer in theoretical physics and was appointed assistant professor in 1930 and associate professor in 1935. Since 1930 he has been engaged chiefly in the field of experimental work on the magnetic properties of atomic nuclei.

Dr. Stern, a one-time associate of Albert Einstein, came to this country in October, 1933, after having been driven out of Germany by Nazi oppression. He had resigned his post at the University of Hamburg when an associate, Dr. Immanuel Esterman, was dismissed by the Nazis. Dr. Stern and his colleague then joined the Carnegie Tech-faculty. Dr. Stern is on leave from the faculty of Carnegie Institute and is engaged in research for the government. He became a citizen of the United States on March 8, 1939.

Professor Hevesy of Copenhagen University reported in 1936 that bone formation is an every-changing process in the body and not a happening occurring only during youth. Professor Hevesy and Dr. D. Coster, another Danish scientist, discovered a new element called hafnium.

The Minister of Sweden will award the prizes on Dec. 10, the anniversary of Alfred Nobel’s death, at a reception and luncheon in New York to be held by the American-Scandinavian Foundation.

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