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Unemployment Higher Among Jews in Soviet Russia, Statistics Show

August 16, 1928
See Original Daily Bulletin From This Date

(Jewish Telegraphic Agency)

Unemployment among the Jewish population in Soviet Russia is higher than among the general population, according to statistics just made public here on the basis of the 1926 census.

The unemployed Jewish workers in the government offices, and clerks in the cities throughout the Union number 11.4 percent of the active Jewish population, as compared to 9 percent similarly unemployed among the general population.

The proportion of unemployed Jews to the general unemployment in the Ukraine is 28 percent, White Russia 42 percent, Moscow 8 percent and Leningrad 6 percent.

Since the date of the last census in 1897 before the census of 1926, the proportion of workers and farmers among the Jewish population increased while Jewish traders decreased in numbers. In 1897 38.6 percent of the active Jewish population was engaged in trade, 3.5 percent in farming, 35.4 percent were clerks and 6.6 percent were day laborers. In 1926 Jewish workers in the Ukraine numbered 15.3 percent, in White Russia 16.7 percent, in Moscow 8.3 percent, Leningrad 13.3 percent. Clerks in White Russia numbered 17 percent, in the Ukraine 20.6 percent, Moscow 50 percent, and Leningrad 40 percent, Jewish farmers in White Russia were 13.1 percent, Ukraine 9.8 percent.

Jewish artisans in White Russia numbered 26.4 percent, in the Ukraine 20.6 percent, in Moscow 9.2 percent and Leningrad 9.1 percent, traders in White Russia 10 percent, Ukraine 13.2 percent, Moscow 4.9 percent and Leningrad 4.5 percent.

The statistics also show that the average duration of unemployment among Jews is higher than among non-Jews.

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