Berlin (Aug. 16)
Dr. Martin Buber, internationally famous Jewish scholar and philosopher, has been appointed professor of religious sciences at the University of Frankfurt.
Martin Buber was born in 1878 in Vienna. As a child he came to Galicia where he was brought up by his grandparents. His grandfather taught him the Bible and Talmud. Upon the completion of his philosophical studies in Vienna he went to Berlin, where in 1916 he founded the monthly magazine, “Der Jude”, a periodical devoted to the study and furtherance of Judaism, still in existence under his editorship. From 1920 to 1925 he was literary editor of the “Judischer Verlag” (Jewish publishing house) of Berlin, which under his direction published a large number of important scientific and literary works on Judaism.
Buber himself became famous through his works on Chassidism, works which first made the German-reading public acquainted with the depths of the East-European Jewish soul. In his “Stories of Rabbi Nachman” and “The Legend of the Baal-Schem”, Buber revealed Chassidism in a new light. He has published many other works on the philosophy of Judaism, all of which reveal a fine literary style, scholarship, depth and an original view point. A book containing his lectures, in which he treats Judaism from the ethical, metaphysical and religious standpoints and in which he seeks to lead the Jewish youth back to the original sources of Judaism, was published in 1925.