New York (Aug. 23)
All Jewish children have been taken out of camps in Germany by the Joint Distribution Committee and sent to havens in Sweden, Switzerland, England, France and Palestine, Arthur D. Greenleigh, director of the JDC program in France, told a press conference here today.
Mr. Greenleigh said that although the JDC had arranged havens for 5,000 children, it found that there were only a little more than 2,500 in all of the camps. These were mainly youths between the ages of 14 and 20, whom the Nazis had utilized for forced labor. Younger children were killed, as were most girls. The JDC representative pointed out that among the more than 500 children brought to France from Buchenwald there were only ten girls.
Thousands of Jews in France who survived the Nazi ordeal depend upon continued American help if they are to survive the coming winter, Mr. Greenleigh reported. Nearly 50,000 war-impoverished Jews, 8,000 of them children, are being aided in France by the J.D.C., which, operating through local committees and established Jewish organizations in France, is granting aid in the value of 35,000,000 frances monthly for outright relief, child-care, medical care, retraining, loan programs and other reconstruction activities, he said.
"Those receiving aid in France are but the neediest third of the 170,000 Jews in that country," Mr. Greenleigh said, " and even their requirements are being met only partially. The requirements are so great that only much larger funds can make it possible to give full help to all. Our limited rescurces permit us to grant only a part of the minimum necessary for the maintenance. Full assistance, however, is being given almost 5,000 Jews deported by the Nazis to German concentration camps who have been repatriated to France. These are for the most part not French citizens and, therefore, not eligible for help from the French government."