UNITED NATIONS, N. Y. (Sep. 17)
Creation of a stand-by United Nations peace force and establishment of a regional economic development agency to aid the Arab states will be among the proposals to be made to the General Assembly here tomorrow by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles.
As Mr. Dulles, the first Big Power Foreign Minister to address the Assembly this year, was drafting his speech today, American sources here revealed some of the subjects that are “likely” to be raised in Mr. Dulles’ policy address. An American spokesman said that the Secretary will refer to some of the proposals laid before the recent emergency session of the Assembly, dealing with the Middle East crisis, by President Eisenhower on Aug. 13.
The idea of a stand-by UN peace force appears to be high on America’s plans in regard to the Middle East at this time. It was indicated clearly that Mr. Eisenhower’s suggestion for the regional economic development plan to assist the Arab nations will also be revived by Mr. Dulles. However, it was implied that Mr. Dulles would probably not mention President Eisenhower’s earlier suggestion that the Assembly take steps to “avoid a new arms race spiral” in the Middle East.
Mr. Dulles conferred today for the second successive day with Britain’s Foreign Minister Selwyn Lloyd, and a British spokesman confirmed reports that the stand-by peace proposal was one subject discussed by them. A clue to the subject of yesterday’s conference was provided by the fact that Mr. Dulles was accompanied by William M. Rountree, his Assistant Secretary for Near Eastern Affairs.
Andrei A. Gromyko, Foreign Minister of the Soviet Union, will address the Assembly tomorrow afternoon, while Mr. Lloyd is slated to voice next week his government’s foreign policy as it affects the United Nations.
Mrs. Golda Meir, Israel’s Foreign Minister, is expected here Friday. She is certain to meet with many Foreign Ministers during her stay here. This year, the Assembly is attended by the largest number of high government officials ever gathered here–three Prime Ministers, 52 Foreign Ministers, and seven other government leaders of Ministerial rank.
STATE DEPARTMENT OFFICIAL STRESSES URGENT NEED FOR U.N. PEACE FORCE
The importance which the United States attaches to the idea of United Nations peace force was emphasized by Francis C. Wilcox, Assistant Secretary of State. Addressing a meeting of the American Association for the United Nations, he said:
“I hope that the session of the UN General Assembly will be able to take additional action to further the objectives of the program outlined by the President. The Assembly should give urgent consideration to steps looking toward the creation of a United Nations stand-by peace force. Such a force could make a substantial contribution to the strengthening of the United Nations machinery for peaceful settlement of international disputes. “
Mr. Wilcox also emphasized that part of the Arab resolution adopted by the special UN Assembly session which affect Israel’s security–without, however, mentioning Israel. Mr. Wilcox said of the Arab resolution that among the important propositions in that measure, adopted by all members of UN, was that “they agreed that all members of the United Nations should act strictly in accordance with the principles of mutual respect for the territorial integrity and sovereignty of other states, of non-aggression, and of strict noninterference in each others internal affairs. “
“The United States, ” continued Mr. Wilcox, “welcomes and supports the initiative of the Arab states in developing this formula. Scrupulously respected, such a formula could offer bright prospects for the future of the Middle East. It could be the harbinger of a new era. “
But Mr. Wilcox virtually challenged the Arab states to implement the formula, saying “I would be less than candid, however, if I did not remind you that concrete deeds are far more convincing than resolutions–even those that are approved by unanimous vote. It remains to be seen whether the Arab states will justify the vote of confidence given them by the General Assembly and will work out their problems in a spirit of mutual cooperation and goodwill. “