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Ehrenburg Urges Soviet Writers Not to Be Indifferent to Anti-semitism

IIya Ehrenburg famous Russian novelist, and a Jew has conceded that anti-Semitism is a problem in Soviet Russia, it appeared today from a Moscow dispatch in the New York Times. Mr. Ehrenburg, according to the report called on Soviet writers to concern themselves with the problem of anti-Semitism, in the tradition of great Russian writers of the past, like Anton Chekhov.

Mr. Ehrenburg, the dispatch states, has just published an article, considered a “literary bomb, ” in the magazine “Novy Mir. ” In the article, entitled “On Rereading Chekhov, ” he points out that Chekhov had shown “intense” concern with anti-Semitism and with the famous case of 1894 when a court-martial was held in France against Capt. Alfred Dreyfus, who had been accused on forged evidence of selling military information to Germany. That case was regarded as a manifestation of anti-Semitism in French military circles of that day, since Dreyfus was a Jew.