Jews in China Flee Terrorist Attacks of White Russian Guards
Menu JTA Search

Jews in China Flee Terrorist Attacks of White Russian Guards

Download PDF for this date

Jews living in the East Chinese district, Khailor, are fleeing in panic to Harbin due to the conditions under which they have been living, subject to continuous attacks by three organized military divisions of the Russian White Guards under the former Czarist Colonels Bankov, Gordeyev, and Persov.

The White Guard leaders are carrying on a reign of terror against Jewish merchants and farmers. The cattle-breeding farms belonging to the Jews Hillelevitch, Morduchovitch, Naftanovitch and Proskurovsky, who were engaged in horse-breeding for export to Central and Northern China, were looted and destroyed by fire. More than ninety horses were burned alive. The fear of banditry is spreading continuously as far as the Western District Railway.

The severance of Chinese-Russian relations and the closing of the Mongolian frontier has resulted in the downfall of trade, which was chiefly conducted by Jews. The fur trade in particular has been affected, many Jews engaged by American and English firms in these lines having been dismissed.

Founding Funders

The digitization of the JTA Archive would not have been possible without the generous support of the following donors:
  • The Gottesman Fund
  • Righteous Persons Foundation
  • Charles H. Revson Foundation
  • Elisa Spungen Bildner and Robert Bildner, in honor of Norma Spungen
  • George S. Blumenthal
  • Grace and Scott Offen Charitable Fund