Search JTA's historical archive dating back to 1923

More Wholesale Dismissals of World Famous Scholars Ordered by Nazi Minister

May 4, 1933
See Original Daily Bulletin From This Date

One more German-Jewish Nobel prize winner, twenty-one professors at the University of Berlin, nine at the University of Cologne, a world-famous surgeon and a world-famous neurologist, were dismissed from their posts today as Bernhard Rust, Nazi Minister of Education for Prussia, continued the work of eliminating "Jewish influence" from German cultural centers. Meanwhile systematic instructions were given to libraries for preparing books of Jewish authorship for the auto-da-fe on May 10. All libraries have been instructed to turn over such books to the authorities, and special squads of Nazis are touring the residential districts, collecting "fodder" for the flames. Students have been instructed to turn in all text-books that are of Jewish authorship. Universities also extended their boycott on Jewish culture into the fields of commerce, forbidding the purchase of ink, paper, and other school supplies from Jewish shops, for fear that the taint of Jewish culture might reach the students through such contact. The University of Frankfort ordered that all agreements with Jewish supply firms be abrogated, and forbade renewal of any such contracts.

Prof. Fritz Haber, head of the department of physical chemistry in the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Berlin, and winner in 1918 of the Nobel prize in chemistry, headed today’s contingent in the exodus of Jewish intellect from German institutions of learning. He is famous for the invention of a process of obtaining nitrogen from the atmosphere. Two assistants, Prof. Freundlich and Polyani, resigned with him.


At the Moabit hospital, Prof. Moritz Burchard, chief of the surgical department since 1919, vice-president of the Berlin Medical Association, and a member of the presiding board of the Red Cross in Germany, tendered a requested resignation. He was accompanied in his action by Prof. K. Goldstein, bead of the department for nervous diseases, who at one time taught at Frankfort University. Prof. Goldstein’s resignation was also at the request of the authorities. The Moabit hospital is attached to the Berlin university as a surgical clinic.

Prof. Ferdinand Blumenthal, specialist in cancer research, and Prof. Friedrich Friedmann, specialist in tuberculosis, and Prof. Victor Jollas of the department of biology of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute were among the dismissed scholars.


At the same time the German Student’s League of the University of Berlin announced that these dismissals were not sufficient, as some German-Jewish professors still remained in the colleges, their dismissal being precluded by the official regulation against the expulsion of Jewish professors with an active war record. The Studentschaft called upon all German students to boycott the classes of these professors.

"No German student shall attend lectures by any Jewish instructor," the league ordained. "German students shall not have the foundations of their knowledge and thinking dictated by Jews."


Even non-Jewish professors who, like Dr. Eduard Kohlrausth, former rector of the University of Berlin, express a sympathy for their Jewish colleagues, are threatened with severe measures of reprisal. Students, likewise, are warned to adhere to the Aryan dictates.

"We shall not hesitate," the Minister of Education proclaimed, "to expel from the university students who permit themselves to be misused for creating disturbances. Teachers who defame the German university system and our new Germany through inopportune and unjustifiable declarations shall be eliminated."

Recommended from JTA