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  • Wjcongress Delegation Meets with President of Brazil

    A World Jewish Congress delegation visiting here last week submitted to the Foreign Ministry the secret United Nations War Crimes Commission file on Austrian President Kurt Waldheim which labeled him a Nazi war criminal. The file, dating from 1947, recommended that Waldheim stand trial for “murder” and “putting hostages to death” when he was a… More ▸

  • Behind the Headlines the Jews of Brazil

    Brazil’s Jewish community of about 150,000 is a tiny percentage of the country’s 130 million people, but there is a significant number of Jewish candidates for office in this year’s November 15 election. Those elected to the federal legislature will also draft Brazil’s new Constitution. While the Jewish community, as community, does not take a… More ▸

  • Special to the JTA the Jews of Brazil

    Jews as individuals have always worked on human rights and social justice during Brazil’s authoritarian regimes, but there has been no community stance. Rabbi Henry Sobel of Congregacao Israelita Paulista here is considered the outstanding example of an individual who is a leader of the community, and at the forefront of the human rights struggle…. More ▸

  • Behind the Headlines the Jews of Brazil

    During the days of the dictatorship of Getulio Vargas here (1930-1945), many Jews, especially Communists, were in the forefront of the human rights struggle. Many were jailed or expelled from Brazil. A not-able example is Olga Prestes, Jewish wife of the leader of the Communist opposition. She was deported to her native Germany in 1941… More ▸

  • President of Brazil Visits Jewish Book Fair

    Brazil’s top leaders, headed by its new president Jose Sarney, paid a formal visit to the exposition of the Jewish book fair here, the World Jewish Congress reported today. According to the Latin American branch of the WJC, the Brazilian President and other government officials were shown through the fair by Gerson Bergher, president of… More ▸

  • Wiesenthal Center Provides Brazil with Documents for Mengele Case

    The Los Angeles-based Simon Wiesenthal Center today presented Brazilian authorities with documents relevant to the investigation of the body exhumed at a cemetery in Enbu, near Sao Paulo, which may be that of the notorious death camp doctor, Josef Mengele. The Center’s legal counsel in Washington, Martin Mendelsohn, presented the documents, requested by the Brazilian… More ▸

  • Behind the Headlines the Jews of Brazil

    The death of President-elect Tancredo Neves on April 21 has had a sweeping impact on the 120,000 Jews of Brazil, a land blessed with enormous physical resources, yet beset by serious economic and government problems. The day after Neves was interred to the accompaniment of scenes of mass hysteria resulting in death and injury to… More ▸

  • Behind the Headlines the Jews of Brazil

    It is not “hard to be a Jew” if the place is the sensuous city of Rio de Janeiro. According to Adolpho Bloch, one of Brazil’s most influential men and a proud Jew, it is “harder to be a goy.” Another legendary Jew of Rio, Hans Stem, the world-famed gem producer and owner of an… More ▸